Gamba makes its products exclusively from oak and specifically the Quercus genus, which consists of no less than three hundred species. But a qualified cooper uses only three of them: Quercus Pendunculata, Quercus Sessilis and Quercus Alba (American White Oak). Quercus Pendunculata and Sessilis interestingly enough can both be found in the same forests in France.
The Quercus Alba species can be found in many regions throughout North America though we mainly source our American White Oak from forest in Northern Iowa, Western Illinois or Minnesota. The accelerated use of Quercus Alba over the last few years is largely due to a better understanding of seasoning and advancement in toasting techniques.
In addition to the origin of the wood, another important factor is the soil; where this particular variety of oak grows. Exposure to the sun, wind and rain affects its texture and ultimately its grain, as well as its aromas.